|Intro.||Noh mask list|
|History||Construction||Individual armour parts||Auxiliary armours||Yoroi Restraition||Kabuto Restraition|
|Guruwa, protects the genitals.
Nodowa, a type of throat and neck guard.
Tate-eri, the tate-eri is a small padded pillow like piece with a standing armored collar that
sits on the shoulder to protect from the weight of the dou (dō). The standing collar would be
lined with kikko armor to protect the neck.
Manju no wa, the manju no wa, (also manjunowa or manju nowa) is a combination of shoulder pads,
collar and armpit guards in one that protected the upper chest area. Manju no wa were covered with
kusari (chain armor), karuta (small armor plates), or kikko (brigandine), these armors or a combination
of them were sewn to a cloth backing. The armor could be exposed or hidden between a layer of cloth.
When worn the manju no wa looked like a small tight fitting vest.
Manju no wa have small wings that would pass under the arm pit area from the back and attach to the front
of the manju no wa.
Manchira, the manchira is a type of armored vest covered with kusari (chain armor), karuta (small armor plates)
or kikko (brigandine), these armors or a combination of them were sewn to a cloth backing.
The armor could be exposed or hidden between a layer of cloth. Manchira are larger than manju no wa
and protected the chest area and sometimes the neck and arm pit. Some manchira could be worn over the dou (dō).
Wakibiki, the wakibiki is a simple rectangle of cloth covered with kusari (chain armor),
karuta (small hard end leather and bamboo plates), or kikko (brigandine) these armors or a combination
of them were sewn to the cloth backing. Wakibiki could also be made from one solid piece of
iron or hardened leather. The wakibiki had cords connected to them which allowed the wakibiki to hang
from the shoulder, the wakibiki was then suspended over the exposed arm pit area.
Wakibiki were either worn inside or outside the chest armour dou (dō) depending on the type.
Yoroi zukin, cloth hoods with various types of armour sewn to the cloth.
Kogake, armored tabi, a kind of sabaton that covered the top of the foot.
Jingasa (war hat), resembling the civilian coolie hat, issued to Ashigaru retainers,
these could be made from bamboo or leather.
Hachi gane/hitai ate, various types of light weight, portable, forehead protectors.
Yoroi katabira, jackets covered with various types of armour, the armour could be exposed
or hidden between layers of cloth.
Yoroi hakama, pants covered with various types of armor, the armour could be exposed or hidden between layers of cloth.
Clothing worn with Japanese armour
Uwa-obi or himo, a cloth sash or belt used for attaching various weapons and other items such as the katana,
wakizashi and tantō.
Fundoshi, a simple loin cloth.
Kyahan or kiahan, tight gaiters made of cloth which covered the shins.
Hakama, a type of pants worn underneath the armour, hakama could be long or short like the kobakama.
Shitagi, a shirt worn underneath the armour.
Tabi, a cloth sock with divided toes.
Waraji, a woven sandal also known as zōri.
Kutsu, short riding boots made from leather.
Yugake, gloves that were worn under the kote.
Kegutsu, also known as tsuranuki, short leather shoes trimmed with bear fur.
Auxiliary items worn with Japanese armour
Sashimono, a small banner that is attached to the back of the dou (dō) by special fittings.
Its purpose was to identify the wearer as friend or foe which was essential in the chaotic confusion of a pitched battle melee.
Horo, a cloak reserved for prestigious, high-ranking samurai. It provides additional protection from arrows.
Agemaki, a decorative tassel worn on the back of some dou and kabuto, the agemaki can also serve as an attachment point.
Jirushi, small identification flags or badges worn on the back of the helmet (kasa jirushi) or on the shoulder (sode jurishi).
Datemono/tatemono, crests of various shapes and sizes worn on several areas of the helmet (kabuto).
Yebira, arrow quiver for ya (arrows).
In popular culture
The villain of Star Wars, Darth Vader wears futuristic armour including a helmet that bears a striking resemblance to the kabuto.
When Hannibal Lecter seeks revenge on the Nazis who killed his sister, he disguises himself with a mask from his aunt's ancestral armor.
The Shredder, villain of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles movies, wears a full suit of samurai armor with razor-sharp spikes.
Samurai armor is also worn by characters in Japanese martial arts films and samurai films like Yojimbo, the Seven Samurai,
Shogun Assassin, and by Tom Cruise in the Last Samurai.
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